Thessaloniki is the second largest city in Greece and has a population of about 1 million inhabitants. Thessaloniki is also known as Thessalonica, Salonika or Saloniki. Thessaloniki is the capital of Macedonia and second largest city of Greece. It was first established in 316 B.C. by Kassandros and named after his wife, Thessaloniki, half sister of Alexander the Great.
The city was rebuilt in the 1920s and today Thessaloniki is a lively modern city bustling with life and movement. Large avenues, parks and squares, lines of trees that frame commercial streets with showy shop windows. Old houses, neoclassical buildings, stand side by side with modern dwellings which makes a walk through any section of the city an interesting journey.
Today Thessaloniki has become one of the most important trade and business hubs in Southeastern Europe, with its port, the Port of Thessaloniki being one of the largest in the Aegean and fascilitating trade throughout the Balkan hinterland. The city also forms one of the largest student centres in Southeastern Europe, and is host to the largest student population in Greece. It is a keen candidate for becoming European Youth Capital in 2014, after it celebrates 100 years of union with Greece in 2012.
The city is a major railway hub for the Balkans, with direct connections to Sofia, Skopje, Belgrade, Moscow, Vienna, Budapest, Bucharest and Istanbul, alongside Athens and other destinations in Greece. It is the most important railway hub of Greece and has the biggest marshalling yard in the country.
Air traffic to and from the city is served by Macedonia International Airport for international and domestic flights.
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